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Fluxus

Takeshia Kosugi, Anima I & Ben Vautier, Attaché de Ben & George Maciunas, Solo for Violin.
1961 tot 1970

Fluxus is an art movement that originated in New York in the early 60s. The movement that later became the name Fluxus, George Maciunas was by first presented as "neo-dada from the United States." The Fluxus word comes from Latin and means "flow", "fluid", "liquid", suggesting a continuous change.

The word fluxus was first used around 1961 by George Maciunas, who is considered the founder of Fluxus. He used it for art events in which the boundaries between visual art and music were lifted. As with Dada performances and happenings were made, but the Fluxus found that interaction and reaction of the public is unimportant. As with pop art and ZERO, Fluxus was interested in everyday reality and the persuit of objectivity. Fluxus was using unconventional materials and resources. Fluxus also created from the art movement mail art, an art form which participants react against the traditional art world and structure their activities through various forms of communication.

The Fluxus movement, which made the connection between art, music and theater, got some new artistic trends continue like bodyart, conceptual art, eat art, mail art, performance, improvised music and making artist books and multiples.

Famous participants: Joseph Beuys, George Brecht, Philip Corner, Henry Flynt, Ken Friedmann, Al Hansen, Geoffrey Hendricks, Dick Higgins, Alison Knowles, George Maciunas, Gustav Metzger, Larry Miller, Yoko Ono, Ray Johnson, Nam June Paik, Ben Patterson, Dieter Roth, Yasunao Tone, Ben Vautier, Emmett Williams, Wolf Vostell, Daniel Spoerri, La Monte Young, Han Bennink, Stanley Brouwn, Ger van Elk, Robert Jasper Grootveld, Hans Koetsier, Bob Lens, Misha Mengelberg, Willem de Ridder and Wim T. Schippers.

Fluxus manifestation (Concert for submarine sandwiches) in the Kurhaus Scheveningen (the Netherlands), 13 Nov. 1964
Joseph Beuys, Manifesto, 1970. Alteration of George Maciunas’ Fluxus Manifesto, February 1963.
Fluxus Collective Editions, 1963 – 1965